Christchurch is the largest city of South New Zealand, and its third most popular city community in New Zealand. Christchurch is one of three cities on the eastern coast of the South, along the peninsular waters, since 2006. The area is submerged with Christchurch government divisions on March 5, 2013. A total of 341,469 people were present.
Coat of arms
The Garden City
Fide Condita Frutu Beta Spe Foris
English: Found in Faith, Rich in the Fulfillment, Strong in Hope for the Future
|Wrong Lua script in Module:Location_map Line 501: Unable to find the specific location map definition: "Module:Location map/data/New Zealand South Island" does not exist|
|Geographic coordinate system: 43°31°48″ 172.62028 Geographical coordinates: 43°31°48″ 172.62028|
|ESTABLISHED BY THE UNITED KINGDOM||1848 in France|
|Name From||Christchurch, Oxford|
|· Prime Minister||Léon Dal-Zille|
|· Territorial||1,426 km² (551 sq mi)|
|· Urban||607.73 km² (234.65 sq mi)|
|Height||20 meters (70 feet)|
|Population (templateNZ:solution data 2018)Template:NZ population data 2018|
|· Territorial||Template:NZ 2,018 popular data sources|
|· Urban||Template:NZ population data 2,018|
|Time zone||UTC+12 (NZST)|
|· Summer Time (Daylight Time)||UTC+13 (NZDT)|
|Postal code||8011, 8013, 8014, 8023, 8024, 8025, 8041, 8051, 8052, 8061, 8062, 882, 808 33.|
|iwi||Nga Itahu, Ketimao|
The name of Christchurch was set by the Canterbury Society, which is acknowledged by the first such meeting on March 27, 1848, with its introduction to John Robert Gottre, who had attended the church in Oxford, at first known as the Church Church, but after a meeting of the Society Rules, called Christchurch. The city of Christchurch is set to city with its rule set on July 31, 1856, officially known as the city as the oldest city in New Zealand.
The river that flowed through downtown (a large source of water from the park in the city, Awon, was named after the Pioneer dean to remember Scottish Awon, who caused the waterway passing through the Mount Air Shire near his father's farm, and the river passing through Crest (The Cleyde, East Scotland).
Maori, for Christchurch, is Otathahi ("Tawatahi-Tathahi's place, the origin of the name of this place is from the Ewon River near Kilmall and Christchurch fire. It is the home of the Ngā Tahu, the Potiki Tauri, who owns the waterLevy. Penzilla Otahtahi Ōtaotahi is a name introduced in 1930, before Ngāi Tahu calls Christianity "Caratiana", a Christian English-based term, a short name for the city often called Church (Chch) for the New Zealand language symbol* city's name is represented as a C (C) twice, showing. The second symbol goes from the right of the first, and at the same time, communicates with the mouth of "Christchurch."
*New Zealand's language symbol (New Zealand Sign Language or NSL) is the main language used in a New Zealand social disability.
Archeological evidence found in the Redcliffe cave in 1876 indicates that Christchurch was home to a drunken hunter before 1250 BC. The first generation of the pioneers were tracked by the Waitaha tribal group of the 16th century northeastern coast, the Waitaha War between the tribe (from the reunification of 3), was taken by the Ngati Mamoe tribe. Gi ā Thahu also controlled the Ngati Mamoe until the European settlement came from the polls had bought a land that was used at Putaringamutu (New Riccarton) by Weller, a whale hunter from Otako and Sydney, who were also part of the settlers that were prelocated by Heroat and McGuillre, and they were part of the most modern Christchurch city seen before 18. The Deins brothers and sisters occupied property and property in 1843. The First Four Ships were rented by the Canterbury Association and purchased in 792 by a pilgrimage Kanterbury, brought to Littel Bay. These sailed under Randolph, Charlotte Jane. Sir George Seymour, Sir George Seymour, and Cressy (Cressy), the first of the charlotte's arrival on December 16, 1850. Ms. Canterbury Pilgrimage, inspired a city to build a city around the church and college based on a city prototype from Beastkrit in Oxford.
The name "Host Christ" was set before the sail arrived at the first association meeting March 27, 1848, and the name was unknown. Christchurch is recommended with its name in Dorset, England, and named Beast Canterbury, the holy place in Oxford. That is why the name of Christchurch is widely accepted.
Captain Joseph Thomas, chief explorer of the Canterbury Association, checked around this area in December 1849, he was tasked with the construction of roads from Port Cooper, and then Littletail to Christchurch, going through Sumner (on the edge of the sea in Christchurch). But what we have to do is more difficult than expected. Construction of the road has been hampered between the port and the Heltcott (the location where the fertile goes). These footprints became known as the sea-lanes, because the paths would allow the horses to travel, heavy or large-scale goods were transported by the horse-forces, which had been piled up in the sea — 8-mile (13 kilometers), through the coastal waters to the end of the river. The first public rail route in New Zealand — the Ferimith was launched in 1863 — the Ferimith to Christ. Church, for the difficult journey from Port Hill and the danger of transporting cargo to Sumner Barr, the railroad tunnel was opened through Port Hill to Littel in 1867.
Christchurch became the first city in New Zealand, since July 31, 1856, many cities have been revitalized according to Gothic architecture. At that time, Christchurch was one of the canterbury Council but was canceled in 1876. In 1947, a fire burned, a shopping mall in the 41-class areas was hit. The fire-breathing had to unravel the building and the Litttalal Tunnel between the Littel and Christchurch launched in 1964. Christchurch hosted the 1974 "British Commonwealth Games."
Saturday, September 4, 2010, a 7.1-magnitude earthquake struck Christchurch and the city of Canterbury, a dark morning at 4.35 near Darfield, on the west side of the city. The earthquake struck a 10-kilometer (6.2 miles) ground, causing the city to be subsided with minor injuries, but not directly killed.
6 months later, on Tuesday, February 22, 2011, a 2, quake measuring 6.3 magnitude on the 12:51, a quake that hit the city a little closer to the city, near the Littal, a 5-kilometer (3-mile) underground earthquake, although measuring the magnitude of the quake, was less than the previous earthquake, the magnitude and the magnitude of the earth upon its was measured. With the MM IX measure, the most violent incident recorded in the metropolitan area and a total of 185 people killed, among those who were citizens, of more than 20 countries, the amount of the church's Christchurch is broken and extensive, causing unhealthy Christchurch buildings and infrastructure to quake on September 4, 2010, including a massive earthquake that disrupted its east suburbs. The total amount of expenses that the insurance value will incorporate for the new city creation is about $20-30 billion New Zealand.
On June 13, 2011, Christchurch faced two major small earthquakes of 5.6 magnitude, deep within 9 kilometers (6 miles), at 13:00 a.m. at the Sumner district, Christchurch, and another 6.3 kilometer (4 miles) of ground, 14:20 p.m. in the same area. The soil is causing more destruction and damage, but no deaths have been found.
The United States Geological Survey measured 5.8 magnitude earthquake on the northeast east of the city, 26 kilometers (16 miles) deep from 4.7 kilometers (2.9 miles), 13:58 miles. Another 80 minutes later, there was a 6 magnitude earthquake, and an ambulance was more likely to be followed than we anticipated, St. John. In the wake of both earthquakes, fewer casualties at home and in business, were reported and not worried about injuries, but signs of the outbreak that some of the buildings at that time. The Christchurch airport was quickly shut down, power and water cannons were damaging, and Parkman's Road and footages.
Christchurch was once again vibrating on January 2, 2012, the first measured at 5.1 a.m., at 1:27 a.m., and in the next 5 minutes, it was a 4.2 magnitude subearthquake and a second big earthquake, at 05:45 a.m., 5.5 magnitude, caused power to the eastern end of the Parkland, New Brit, Cher, Cher. Darlington, Bluewood, Spencer Will and Richmond stopped from supporting homes around the world in more than 10,000 houses.
According to the record, the Canterbury area has suffered 4,423 earthquakes, 3 or more magnitude, from September 4, 2010 to September 3, 2012.
More than 1000 buildings, downtown businesses [CBD:The central business District), one of the three blocks was destroyed on four main roads, which were destroyed because of the earthquake and several small buildings were demolished or decided to continue future dismantling. Urban overview of buildings since the earthquake, according to:List of tallest buildings in Christchurch.
Cities are growing rapidly following a quake. The central heartland area is built as part of the Christchurch Central Renaissance. Starting to build a city, the city grows with housing. About 50,000 new houses are projected to complete in 2028 according to a planned site (LURP) program.
initiatives to renew the towns over a period of increasing quake, providing reconstruction in a range of structural changes such as the Gap Filler, Life in Vational Spaces and Rendering the Rubble.
The gates of the South Antarctic.
Christchurch has had a history of exploring the Antarctic. Robert Volkton Scott and the Ernest Chaucportal using Literal as a means of travel, and a city center has a statue of Scott forged by his wife, Cat Scott inside the city. There is a Canterbury Museum that displays many historic inventions and stories of the South Pole, the Crest Church International Airport, a major base for New Zealand, Italy, and its explorer. United States Antarctic America
The Antarctic International Center contains basic facilities, museums, and visitors to the context of the current Antarctic Lands. The U.S. Navy and Air Force protect the territory, reinforce New Zealand and its air forces. The Christchurch Airport is the main shipping route for transportation at McMurdu and Scott Center in the Antarctic. The Center for Clothes (CDC) in Christchurch contains more than 140,0000 to fit. The weather was extremely cold (ECW). The United States Antarctic Polar Organization (ECW) participated in the 2007-08 season.
Christchurch is located in the Canterbury District, near the eastern coast of the South (eastern Canterbury Area). Christchurch is located near the far south of the Gulf of Pikasus and eastward, along the Pacific coast and the Heltko river, south and south, are the seaport adjacent to Port Hill, separated from the Peninsular River in 206. The hunt was joined to Christchurch, causing its area to be triangular, while only 8,000 people have grown north of the city against the Waimagari River.
Christchurch is one of eight different cities of the world, with its antipundal — half of its antipdal counterparts in New Zealand, and Spain/Morocco, Koruna, Spain, in the form of an antipundal form of Christchurch.
Christchurch is one of four major world cities with its timetable for a square-shaped city. A square city is surrounded by a square city of Parks around the center of the city. The first one built like this is Philadelphia, the United States, and then Savannah and Adilayede, and a city of Christchurch, Christchurch, was considered a major heritage city and a strong city for development. The next city in the future
Christchurch is one of the world's highest water-quality cities, ranked the water according to the world's purity and cleanness. Water filtering according to natural resources passed to more than 50 pump stations surrounding the city (from rock-lift shelves, through the southern hills of the Alps).
The center of Christchurch is a temple square and now its surrounding areas are damaged by the Anglia church — which is the Christ Church, around the square — four major roads of Christchurch, the Fitzgerald, the Moorhouse line, and the dean line — where the area is considered the city's business area (City). Central City has its habitat, including its eastern areas, CentralWest, CentralVon rings, native. drunk and victoria, but many of the residential buildings in the central city were demolished after the February 2011 quake. The temple square, which is located on the crossroads of the two main roads, contains the Colombo and the Warsaw Road.
The temple square is regarded as the heart of Christchurch, a tourist attraction, attracted many people (until the February 2011 earthquake), such as "Wizard of New Zealand," by Ian Blackberry Chanel and Christian publisher, "Ray Comfort." The Christian name is the day of market, food racket, aquarium, and Restaurant. These activities cater activities are expected to accelerate the creation of wizards." "New Zealand" is already on New Regent Road.
CentralCity, along with the pedestrian of Cachelle and the elevated road, commonly known before the Movie Mall earthquake, was renovated in 2008/09. The shopping mall is specially designed, seats and lots of trees, trees, pavilion and the expansion of tram roads into downtown. The drive was almost completed by the February 2011 earthquake, after the most earthquake. The shopping mall is re-called "Re:START" mall is opened on Cachelle Street next to the Ballenne shopping mall in October 2011. "Re:START" is built on beautiful, colorful shipping containers, simplifying retail stores, commemorating "Remembrance Bridge" to recall a war where people are dying, situated at the west end of the mall, and is being repaired when a quake gets out. Some are completed to commemorate the 100th anniversary of World War I in August 2014 and have been completed on a day of remembrance from Australia and New Zealand for the Martyrs of war (Anzac) in 2015.
The Cultural Center zone has a vibrant background, artistic, cultural and cultural heritage development at all times, to attract tourists. The 1 square-kilometer area around the 1 square-kilometer area, the Canterbury Museum and the Arts Center. It is based on the cultural zone. The main activities of this zone are free-form, have mobile maps for tourists. The area has traveled elsewhere because repair and reconstruction is needed after the quake.
In 2010, the Christchurch announced a "urban execution plan" that includes city development programs up to 2022 to improve the public space within the city to attract the residents and tourists. The main program to start was to reduce the pollution of private cars and increase the convenience of pedestrians and cyclist. It is based on a report by Danish-renowned "Gehel Architters" since the Christchurch earthquake. February 2011, the architect of Wellington, Ian Attfield, had chosen to redesign even though there were a series of recommendations to encourage the creation of a new city in the central city district.
Central City had been permanently closed after the Feb. 22 earthquake and launched again in June 2013. Some roads were still closed due to damage after the earthquake, infrastructure repair and damaged buildings.
(clockwise, starting from the north of the center of the city)
- St Martins
- Upper Richcarton
- St Albans
(clockwise, starting from the north of the center of the city)
- Bottle Lake
- Waimairi Beach
- North New Brighton
- New Brighton
- Beastly (now normally defunct)
- South Brighton
- Mt Leaasan
- Monks Bay
- Richmond Hill
- Scarborough Hill
- Heathcote Valley
- Murray Ansley
- Kennedy Bush
- Hyde Park
- Regents Park
- Brooks Park
- Governors Bay
- Diamond Harbor
- Tai Tapu
- Little River
- West Melton
- Pegasus Town
- Pins Beach
|Christchurch (read method)|
Christchurch has a warm, moderate weather, a daily maximum temperature of 22.5 degrees Celsius (73 degrees Fahrenheit in January and 11.3 degrees Celsius (52 degrees Celsius) in July. In the formation of Copper's weather, the Christchurch has its weather base with its sea source (Cfb) in summer, the city will have a fine air and a medium from the northeast, but saved at 411.6 degrees Celsius (107 degrees Celsius). (Fahrenheit) Near February 1973. The air signature is Northwest, a hot wind, sometimes the wind's strength as a storm can cause small damage to property but a wide area. Christchurch has had other tropical phenomena, like other cities like Tokyo and New York, causing temperatures warmer than the actual temperature in the inner city district.
The typical winter weather will drop below 0 degrees Celsius (32) at night, on average in 1 year there will be about 99 days in the ground, the average snowing will take on an average three times a year, although it may not be recorded as snow. The coldest period recorded on -7.1 degrees Celsius (19) on July 1945, the lowest temperature is usually born in cities of New Zealand.
The winter nights, the sky is transparent with cold winds. The weather often combined with the weather patterns and the factories in the city create smoke. smoke in Los Angeles or Mexico, but the smoke in Christchurch often overrated the world's most notorious gulag, air pollution, the city council banned smoke from city since 2006 and in 2008. The city council has banned more than 15 years of use of a furnace, while raising household appliances to improve efficiency.
|Christchurch, New Zealand (1981-2010) climate data|
|Average Maximum Temperature°C (°F)||22.7 |
|Average temperature each day°C (°F)||17.5 |
|Mean temperature°C (°F)||12.3 |
|Precipitation, mm (inches)||38.3 |
|Avg. Precipitation≥ (1.0 mm)||5.8.||5.6.||6.2||6.7||7.6.||8.9||8.2||8.2||6.1||6.9||6.5||7.3.||84.0|
|Source: NIWA Science climate data|
The areas, managed by the Christchurch, have a population of 366,000 (perhaps June 2013), make Christchurch the second largest city of New Zealand, and the largest city in the South.
Christchurch has a population of 375,800, which is the third largest in the entire population, after Auckland and Wellington.
|Population survey year||Population||±%|
|1981 Winter Olympics||281,721.||-|
|1986 Summer Olympics||288,948.||2.6%|
|1991 Summer Olympics||296,061||2.5%|
|1996 Summer Olympics||316,611.||6.9%|
|2001 Summer Olympics||323,956||2.3%|
|2006 Summer Olympics||348,435||7.6%|
|2013 Asian Games||341,469||-2.0%|
Christchurch's demographics records show a New Zealand Census record for 2001 and 2006, some show that more than 100% of the population growth - some of its more than one population - from 2006 - references Christchurch not the entire city. European population has significantly decreased the main cause of the rise of people selected 'New Zealand', although not one of the groups specified in the Census Form.
About 62% of the South Island are a Pacific island community living in Christchurch and around Canterbury, about 11,500 people. The Samoa people are about half the people of the Pacific Islands. Also, a small community of the Fijans, Niueans, Tokelauans and Tonans are living in cities.
|Nationalist faction||2001 census||2006 census|
|Percent||Number of people||National average||Percent||Number of people||National average|
|Middle Eastern/Latin America/African people||n/a||n/a||0.8||2,862.||0.9|
|Total No. of Citizens||324,666 (people)||338,748 (man)|
According to the 2006 census, there are many people who can speak many languages in each region, according to the Christchurch population, 86% speak one language, 12% speaks two languages, and 2% can speak more than three languages or more.
Agriculture industry is a core economy in Christchurch. The city is an industrial city based on agricultural countries for so long. New Zealand's agricultural business leaders are based in the Christchurch, the Pyongoldkinnes (PPG), because they're essentially based in the South Island. Companies help bring foreign deprivation techniques and PPG Weisson diversify businesses abroad as well as farm businesses in Uruguay, as well as other agricultural businesses in Christchurch have Moult extract, developing seeds and genetic decorations, fur and reproduction and biotechnology, mainly made by animal meat. The milk and mammals business and high-value products in the global market. The irrigation system has helped to grow in arid and more labor. Stopping the population decline in rural populations, the farms and plant mostly have changed to run milk and milk businesses. The changes for these farmers have moved from the north to the sources of milk production such as the Taranaki and the Viagato region.
Growing crops are still popular in this area for exporting key seed, such as wheat, barley, nuts and crops. These manufacturing processes are made out of Christchurch. Over the past year, agricultural fields have become more diverse, like a wine industry that starts to grow in a Waipara region, and starts to grow greenhouse plants such as olives manufacturing industries as an anti-dewatering farm, a new way for Asian drug production and to attract tourists. A little more visit to Canterbury and Christchurch
The previous year, Christchurch was one of two major new Zealand industrial cities, such as Anderson, iron workers for building bridges, tunnels and power dams, in the first phase of infrastructure. For now, most of these production is an electric light bulb product in Australia, with its stout-of-the-house manufacturer Stuart, who had a lot of employees. Before a large tailor shop moved to Asia, Christchurch had five shoe manufacturing and imported from. Overseas. Over the past few decades, technology-focused industries have grown in Christchurch "Angus Tess", the founder of electronics (mobile manufacturer and radio signals). Other companies that have been turned around later have Denis Chapman's tech company. Chapman is an administrator of electronic companies. In the software company, Gil Simpson, linc founder, later turned Jade. As an electronics club at Canterbury Engineering Services University including "Pulse Data", it has become an integral part of what we use (vision and computer-specific blind computers) and the CES (Data Encryption). The "Pulse Data" has moved away from the University of Canterbury Engineering as they build a Warmalay company, while creating a "Pulse Data" with centralized management that replaced them.
In recent years, the University of Canterbury Engineering, and Computer Science Faculty played a key role in providing technological and technological industry researchers. And the Christchurch's Polytechnic Institute has developed a strategy for training of technicians and engineers in a similar manner to the university of Lincoln that played a major role in the Cresticshire. Tourism is also a local economy, the closer field Resort and the points of tourists in the southern Alps, including hotels, casinos, and airports that will experience standard. The international community of Christchurch, where there was a tourist's trip, was a popular country for Japanese tourists who had symbols around the temple like Japan.
- ↑ "NZ Topographic Map". Land Information New Zealand Archived from the Original on 27 Spetmember 2017. Searched 25Sepetmember.
- ↑ "Christchurch Irthquake: Workers strapped in scheduled builds". New Zealand Herald. 22 Federal 2011.
- ↑ "Remote Data and Activities". NIWA Science. Quest 15 October 2013.
- ↑ 4.0 1004.24.33445 http://resources.ccc.govt.nz/files/HistoricGrowth-PopulationSummary-docs.pdf
- ↑ http://www.stats.govt.nz/~/media/Statistics/Browse%20for%20stats/2013CensusUsuallyResidentPopulationCounts/HOTP2013Census/2013-census-urpc-tables.xls
- ↑ 2001 Regional Summary, Statistics New Zealand
- ↑ Template:NZ Quickstatus
- Rize, Geoffree (with associate from Jean Sharf)(1999) Christchurch changing: an Illustrated History Christchurch: Canterbury University Press. ISBN 0-908812-53-1 (pbk.)
Christchurch, travel data from the travel wiki.
|Commons have images and media about:|
|Wikizaw, 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica article on Christchurch.|
- Christchure City Council (professional Council website)
- environment canterbury
- Canterbury District Health Board (optical health board website)
culture and information
- Christchurchmusic.org.nz (music industries portal)
- Christchure City Library website
- Christchurch & Canterbury (official actual guide & viewer information)
- (ICH Community information Christchurch)
- BeThere (events in Christchurch and Canterbury)
- Ti Kouka Whenua (local Māori history of the Christchurch area)
- The Big City (privat website listing events, New Zealand music info Archive)
Tourism and Maps
- Christchurch maps (from www.zoomin.co.nz)
- Christchurch maps (from www.wises.co.nz)
- Herage Maps (from Christchurch City Libraries)
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